Addressing Challenges to a Systematic Thinking Pattern of Scientists: A Literature Review of Cognitive Bias in Scientific Work

RahmiQurota Aini1    ·2    ·2   Minsu  Ha2,*   

1Middle Tennessee State University
2Kangwon National University


Scientist has an essential role for making discoveries and come across inventions. However, the way of doing science can obstructed due to the human limitation and individual reasoning. Knowing the process of system thinking is essentials approach to understand how science product are influenced by various factors. Research on cognitive biases can help this interest to understand this limitation among scientists. We discussed about scientist activities that considers on history and philosophy of science and the sustainable future requiring creative problem solving which can be very susceptible to cognitive biases. Another attention is the multilayer of current scientific work, where scientist works individually and collaborate with the colleagues. Thus, this paper discusses the framework of cognitive biases related to scientist works. Alternatively, weighing such consideration, the new framework was made by listing the biases among scientific work. We close with the recommendation of validating this framework to become of potential construct that would be helpful for further study.

Figures & Tables

Fig. 1. Cognitive biases related with scientist activity