This study was analyzed whether children's transformation geometry ability can be developed through educational programs using tangram, and how the brain was activated and changed in the process. The subjects of this study are 20 first-year elementary school students, a single group pre test-post test experimental research design was employed. There are three types of transformational geometry tasks: house as a translation, square as a rotation, swan as a reflection. The research results are as follows. First, the difference in the accuracy rate according to the pre and post-test was significant in house and square. Second, DLPFC was activated in all three tasks as a result of analyzing the difference between the brain active regions before and after the program in solving translation, rotation, and reflection tasks. In square task, VLPFC were significantly activated and in the task, FPPFC were significantly activated along with the activation of DLPFC. Third, the functional connectivity of brain activity in pre and post tasks was analyzed. In the pre test, only channel 6(R) in the DLPFC region and channel 10(R) in the VLPFC region showed a connectivity of .834. In the post task, channel 12(R) showed functional connectivity with DLPFC, OFC, and VLPFC, and functional connectivity of the brain was found only in the right hemisphere. However, in the post task, there was a significant functional connection between the left and right hemispheres.
Figures & Tables
Fig. 1. Scene of experiment execution(Left), 48 channels and Brodmann area(Right)